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1.25.20. Comprehensive Land Claims Agreements

  1. The federal government, represented by Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC), has negotiated a number of Comprehensive Land Claims Agreements (CLCAs) with Aboriginal peoples. CLCAs are modern treaties that are based on the concept of continued Aboriginal rights and title to lands traditionally used and occupied by an Aboriginal group, which have not been dealt with by treaty or other legal means.
  2. CLCAs are law. The CLCA obligations are legally binding because they are contained in agreements signed by Canada and backed by legislation. Furthermore, the Aboriginal rights detailed within them are constitutionally protected under Section 35 of the Constitution Act 1982.
  3. Most CLCAs include measures dealing with procurement, and although these measures are not always identical in the various agreements, they are all aimed at enhancing economic opportunities of the Aboriginal group benefiting from the agreement, usually through increased possibilities of competing successfully for contracts in their settlement areas or of participating in employment, training or subcontracting opportunities.
  4. To determine whether CLCAs apply to a procurement, and to learn how to address the CLCA obligations during the procurement process, refer to 9.35 Comprehensive Land Claims Agreements (CLCAs).