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ARCHIVED General Condition (GC) 8 - Dispute Resolution

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  • GC8.1 Interpretation
  • GC8.2 Consultation and Co-operation
  • GC8.3 Notice of Dispute
  • GC8.4 Negotiation
  • GC8.5 Mediation
  • GC8.6 Confidentiality
  • GC8.7 Settlement
  • GC8.8 Rules for Mediation of Disputes
    • GC8.8.1 Interpretation
    • GC8.8.2 Application
    • GC8.8.3 Communication
    • GC8.8.4 Appointment of Project Mediator
    • GC8.8.5 Confidentiality
    • GC8.8.6 Time and Place of Mediation
    • GC8.8.7 Representation
    • GC8.8.8 Procedure
    • GC8.8.9 Settlement Agreement
    • GC8.8.10 Termination of Mediation
    • GC8.8.11 Costs
    • GC8.8.12 Subsequent Proceedings

GC8.1 (2008-05-12) Interpretation

  1. "dispute" means any disagreement regarding any issue identified by the Contractor in the notice submitted to Canada in accordance with paragraph 2 of GC8.3, "Notice of Dispute", and includes any claim by the Contractor arising from such disagreement and any counterclaim by Canada, but does not include any claim by either party for punitive or exemplary damages, injury to persons, death, or any claim based on an allegation of libel or slander.
  2. The alternative dispute resolution procedures set out in GC8, do not apply to any claim by Canada against the Contractor except any counterclaim in a dispute as defined in paragraph 1 of GC8.1, including, but not limited to, any claim of setoff regarding any amount due to Canada under GC5.10, "Assessment and Damages for Late Completion".

GC8.2 (2008-05-12) Consultation and Co-operation

  1. The parties agree to maintain open and honest communication throughout the performance of the Contract.
  2. The parties agree to consult and co-operate with each other in the furtherance of the Work and the resolution of problems or differences that may arise.

GC8.3 (2008-05-12) Notice of Dispute

  1. Any difference between the parties to the Contract of any nature arising out of or in connection with the Contract which could result in a claim by the Contractor against Canada, and which is not settled by consultation and co-operation as envisaged in GC8.2, "Consultation and Co-operation", shall be resolved in the first instance by Canada, whose written decision or direction shall be final and binding subject only to the provisions of GC8. Such written decision or direction includes, but is not limited to, any written decision or direction by Canada under any provision of the General Conditions.
  2. The Contractor shall be deemed to have accepted the decision or direction of Canada referred to in paragraph 1) of GC8.3 and to have expressly waived and released Canada from any claim in respect of the particular matter dealt with in that decision or direction unless, within 15 working days after receipt of the decision or direction, the Contractor submits to Canada a written notice of dispute requesting formal negotiation under GC8.4, "Negotiation". Such notice shall refer specifically to GC8.4, "Negotiation", and shall specify the issues in contention and the relevant provisions of the Contract.
  3. The giving of a written notice in accordance with paragraph 2) of GC8.3 shall not relieve the Contractor from complying with the decision or direction that is the subject of the dispute. Such compliance, however, shall not be construed as an admission by the Contractor of the correctness of such decision or direction.
  4. If a dispute is not resolved promptly, Canada shall give such instructions as, in Canada's opinion, are necessary for the proper performance of the Work and to prevent delays pending a resolution of the matter. Unless Canada terminates the Contract, orders the Contractor to suspend the Work, or takes the Work out of the hands of the Contractor, the Contractor shall continue to perform the Work in accordance with the provisions and requirements of the Contract and the instructions of Canada. Such performance shall not prejudice any claim that the Contractor may have.
  5. Nothing in GC8 relieves the Contractor from its obligation to provide any other notice required by the Contract within the time specified in the Contract, including but not limited to, any notice required under GC6.2, "Changes in Subsurface Conditions".

GC8.4 (2008-12-12) Negotiation

  1. Within 10 working days after receipt by Canada of a notice referred to in paragraph 2) of GC8.3, "Notice of Dispute", or within such other period of time as may be mutually agreed to, the parties shall commence formal negotiations in order to resolve the dispute. Negotiations shall occur initially between representatives of the Contractor and Canada who play a direct supervisory role in the performance, administration or management of the Contract.
  2. If the representatives referred to in paragraph 1) of GC8.4 are unable to resolve some or all of the issues which are the subject of the negotiations within 10 working days, the parties shall refer the remaining issues which are in dispute to a second level of negotiation between a principal or principals of the Contractor and a senior level manager or senior level managers representing Canada.
  3. If negotiations fail to resolve the dispute within 30 working days from the date of delivery of the notice referred to in paragraph 2) of GC8.3, "Notice of Dispute", or within such longer period as may have been agreed to by the parties, the Contractor may, by giving written notice to Canada, in accordance with GC2.3, "Notices", within 10 working days from the end of such period, request that mediation be undertaken to assist the parties to reach agreement on the outstanding issues.
  4. If the Contractor does not request mediation within the period permitted by paragraph 3) of GC8.4, the Contractor shall be deemed to have accepted the decision or direction of Canada under paragraph 1) of GC8.3, "Notice of Dispute", and to have expressly waived and released Canada from any claim in respect of the particular matter dealt with in that decision or direction.

GC8.5 (2008-05-12) Mediation

  1. If the Contractor has requested mediation in accordance with paragraph 3) of GC8.4, "Negotiation", mediation shall be conducted in accordance with GC8.8, "Rules for Mediation of Disputes".
  2. If a Project Mediator has not previously been appointed for the purposes of the Contract, a Project Mediator shall be appointed in accordance with GC8.8, "Rules for Mediation of Disputes", forthwith after delivery of a notice in accordance with paragraph 3) of GC8.4, "Negotiation", requesting mediation.
  3. If the dispute has not been resolved within
    1. 10 working days following the appointment of a Project Mediator in accordance with paragraph 2) of GC8.5, if a Project Mediator was not previously appointed;
    2. 10 working days following receipt by Canada of a written notice in accordance with paragraph 3) of GC8.4, "Negotiation", if a Project Mediator was previously appointed; or
    3. such other longer period as may have been agreed to by the parties;
    the Project Mediator shall terminate the mediation by giving written notice to the parties stating the effective date of termination.

GC8.6 (2008-05-12) Confidentiality

  1. All information exchanged during alternative dispute resolution procedures, by whatever means, shall be without prejudice and shall be treated as confidential by the parties and their representatives, unless otherwise required by law. However, evidence that is independently admissible or discoverable shall not be rendered inadmissible or non-discoverable by virtue of its use during an alternative dispute resolution process.

GC8.7 (2008-05-12) Settlement

  1. Any agreement to settle all or any part of a dispute, by whatever means, shall be in writing and be signed by the parties or their authorized representatives.

GC8.8 (2008-05-12) Rules for Mediation of Disputes

GC8.8.1 Interpretation

In these Rules

  1. "Coordinator" means the person designated by Canada to act as the Dispute Resolution Coordinator.

GC8.8.2 Application

  1. By mutual agreement, the parties may change or make additions to the Rules.

GC8.8.3 Communication

  1. Written communications pursuant to these Rules shall be given in accordance with GC2.3, "Notices".

GC8.8.4 Appointment of Project Mediator

  1. The parties to the Contract may, by mutual consent, at any time after entry into the Contract, appoint a mediator (the "Project Mediator") to conduct mediation proceedings in accordance with these Rules for Mediation of Disputes, in regard to any dispute that may arise with regard to the interpretation, application or administration of the Contract. In this case, they shall jointly enter into a contract with the appointed Project Mediator, which contract shall be in a form drafted by the Coordinator and agreed to by the parties.
  2. If the parties do not appoint a Project Mediator pursuant to paragraph 1) of GC8.8.4, the parties shall appoint a Project Mediator within 17 working days following receipt of a written notice from the Contractor, in accordance with GC2.3, "Notices", requesting that mediated negotiations be undertaken in accordance with these Rules to assist the parties to reach agreement on any outstanding issues that may be in dispute. Any contract entered into with the appointed Project Mediator shall meet the requirements as set out for the contract described in paragraph 1) of GC8.8.4.
  3. When mediation is requested by the Contractor pursuant to paragraph 3) of GC8.4, "Negotiation", if the parties have previously entered into a contract with a Project Mediator, the parties shall within 2 days send to both the Project Mediator and the Coordinator
    1. a copy of the notice requesting negotiation under paragraph 2) of GC8.3, "Notice of Dispute";
    2. a copy of Canada's written position in relation to the notice, the issues in contention and the relevant provisions of the contract; and
    3. a copy of the Contractor's written request for mediation required under paragraph 3) of GC8.4, "Negotiation".
  4. If the parties have not agreed on a Project Mediator, the parties shall forthwith provide the Coordinator with the written materials referred to in subparagraphs 3)(a), 3)(b) and 3)(c) of GC8.8.4 together with a request that the Coordinator assist in the appointment of a mutually acceptable Project Mediator in accordance with these Rules.
  5. Within 5 working days following receipt of the request and materials referred to in paragraph 4) of GC8.8.4, the Coordinator shall provide the parties with a list of qualified private sector mediators obtained from an independent and impartial entity, together with instructions to each party to individually and confidentially select and rank their preferred and fully acceptable choices of mediator in descending order. Each mediator listed shall be impartial and independent of the parties, and shall be an experienced and skilled commercial mediator, preferably with knowledge of the subject matter of the dispute.
  6. Within 10 working days of receipt of the list referred to in paragraph 5) of GC8.8.4 each party shall comply with the instructions accompanying the list(s) and shall deliver the completed listing to the Coordinator.
  7. Within 2 working days following receipt of the completed listings, the Coordinator shall select the highest common ranked mediator to act as Project Mediator for the purposes of the contract.
  8. In the event of a tie, the Coordinator shall consult both parties to re-evaluate their rankings in order to assist the Coordinator in selecting a Project Mediator acceptable to both parties. If the parties cannot agree upon a Project Mediator, the Coordinator shall forthwith provide the parties with a second list of mediators and the procedure shall be repeated.
  9. If the parties have not previously entered into a contract with a mutually acceptable Project Mediator, the Coordinator shall use reasonable efforts to negotiate a contract with a mutually acceptable Project Mediator on behalf of the parties, which contract shall incorporate or otherwise comply with the provisions of these Rules. If negotiations are unsuccessful, or if for other reason the individual is unwilling or unable to enter into a contract to act as Project Mediator, the Coordinator shall repeat the process with the second-highest common ranked mediator.
  10. The parties agree that, upon successful completion of the negotiations referred to in paragraph 9) of GC8.8.4, they shall jointly enter into a contract with the selected Project Mediator, which contract shall be in a form drafted by the Coordinator and agreed to by the parties.
  11. Upon execution of the contract with the Project Mediator referred to in paragraph 10) of GC8.8.4 the Coordinator shall provide the Project Mediator with copies of the documents referred to in paragraph 3) of GC8.8.4.

GC8.8.5 Confidentiality

  1. Subject to paragraph 2) of GC8.8.5, and unless otherwise agreed in writing by the parties, the Project Mediator, the parties and their counsel or representatives shall keep confidential all matters and documents disclosed during mediation proceedings except where the disclosure is necessary for any implementation of any agreement reached or is required by law.
  2. Evidence that is independently admissible or discoverable in any arbitral or judicial proceeding shall not be rendered inadmissible or non-discoverable by virtue of its use in mediation proceedings.
  3. Neither party shall make transcripts, minutes or other records of a mediation conference.
  4. The personal notes and written opinions of the Project Mediator made in relation to mediation are in the Project Mediator's sole possession and control, are confidential, and may not be used in any subsequent proceeding between the parties or where they are opposed in interest without the express written permission of the parties.
  5. All information exchanged during mediation procedures, by whatever means, shall be without prejudice and shall be treated as confidential by the parties and their representatives, unless otherwise required by law.

GC8.8.6 Time and Place of Mediation

  1. The Project Mediator, in consultation with the parties shall set the date, time and place of any mediation conference as soon as possible, bearing in mind that, subject to agreement to the contrary between the parties, only 10 working days are available within which to attempt to settle the dispute.

GC8.8.7 Representation

  1. Representatives of the parties may be accompanied at the mediation conference by legal counsel or any other person.
  2. If the Project Mediator is a lawyer, the Project Mediator shall not provide legal advice to a party during the course of the mediation conference, but may recommend that a party obtain independent legal advice before finalizing a settlement agreement.

GC8.8.8 Procedure

  1. The parties agree to an exchange of all facts, information and documents upon which they intend to rely in any oral or written presentation during the mediation. This exchange shall be completed no later than 2 working days prior to the date set for a mediation conference.
  2. The Project Mediator shall be free to meet with the parties individually during a mediation conference if the Project Mediator is of the opinion that this may improve the chances of a mediated settlement, and either party may request such an individual meeting at any time.
  3. The parties may agree to extend the 10 working days available for settlement of the dispute through mediation, and the Project Mediator shall record that agreement in writing.

GC8.8.9 Settlement Agreement

  1. The parties shall record in writing any settlement agreement reached, with sufficient detail to ensure a clear understanding of
    1. the issues resolved;
    2. any obligations assumed by each party including criteria to determine if and when these obligations have been met; and
    3. the consequences of failure to comply with the agreement reached.
  2. The parties agree to carry out the terms of a settlement agreement as soon as possible and, in any event, within any time periods specified in the agreement.

GC8.8.10 Termination of Mediation

  1. Either party may withdraw from mediation at any time without reason and, in that event, the Project Mediator shall give each party a written notice terminating the mediation and establishing the effective date of termination.
  2. If, in the opinion of the Project Mediator, either party fails to mediate in good faith or fails to comply with the terms of these Rules, or if the Project Mediator, at any time during mediation, is of the opinion that further negotiations will fail to resolve the issues outstanding, the Project Mediator may terminate the negotiations by providing the parties with a written notice of termination, stating therein the Project Mediator's reasons for the termination, and the effective date of termination.
  3. If a dispute has not been resolved within 10 working days or such other longer period as may have been agreed to by the parties, the Project Mediator shall terminate the mediation by giving written notice to the parties stating the effective date of termination.

GC8.8.11 Costs

  1. The parties agree that they will each be responsible for the costs of their own representatives and advisors and associated travel and living expenses. Fees and expenses of the Project Mediator and all administrative costs of mediation, such as the cost of the meeting room(s), if any, shall be borne equally by the parties.

GC8.8.12 Subsequent Proceedings

  1. The parties shall not rely on or introduce as evidence in any arbitral or judicial proceeding, whether or not such proceeding relates to the subject matter of mediation,
    1. any documents of other parties that are not otherwise producible in those proceedings;
    2. any views expressed or suggestions made by any party in respect of a possible settlement of issues;
    3. any admission made by any party in the course of mediation unless otherwise stipulated by the admitting party; and
    4. the fact that any party has indicated a willingness to make or accept a proposal or recommendation for settlement.
  2. The Project Mediator shall neither represent nor testify on behalf of either of the parties in any subsequent investigation, action or proceeding relating to the issues in mediation proceedings.
  3. The Project Mediator shall not be subpoenaed to give evidence relating to
    1. the Project Mediator's role in mediation; or
    2. the matters or issues in mediation;
    in any subsequent investigation, action or proceeding and the parties agree to vigorously oppose any effort to have the Mediator so subpoenaed.