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Public Works and Government Services Canada

2.55. Employer-Employee Relationships

  1. When contracting for the services of individuals, including temporary help, contracting officers should carefully review the circumstances in order to avoid establishing an employer-employee relationship which would be contrary to or in conflict with the Public Service Employment Act and common law principles dealing with employer-employee relationships.
  2. As per sections 4.1.9(e)and 16.3 Employer-employee relationships of the Treasury Board Contracting Policy, contracting officers must ensure that an employer-employee relationship will not result when contracting for the services of individuals.
  3. Criteria for assessing an employer-employee relationship have been established by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) and pertinent court rulings. For guidance, seek legal advice or consult the CRA publication RC 4110, Employee or Self-Employed?. If there is any uncertainty, the contract should be signed at a level higher than the individual who would normally approve the initial entry into the contract.
  4. Legal advice should be sought where it is not feasible for contracting officers to determine whether a contract is a contract for services or a contract of employment (i.e. employment status is not easily identifiable). It is ultimately the responsibility of the contracting officer to ensure that contracts do not create employer-employee relationships.